West County Oasis Bamboo Garden

Phyllostachys

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Phyllostachys
Phyllostachys angusta “Stone Bamboo” R 22′ 1.25″ 0F 4-5
$20
$45
Brought to this country from China in 1917, Stone Bamboo is very strong and holds up well under the weight of heavy rain or snow. The straight, strong canes are used for crafts and weaving.

Phyllostachys arcana R 27′ 1.25″ 0F 3-5
$15
$30
Used for weaving and tool handles in China, P. arcana has an interesting habit of producing occasional zigzag canes.

Phyllostachys arcana ‘Luteosulcata’ R 27′ 1.30″ 0F 3-5
$45
$90 $65
Same as Phyllostachys arcana but with a yellow stripe in the sulcus.

Phyllostachys atrovaginata (congesta) “Incense Bamboo” R 35′ 2.75″ -10F 3-5
$15
$40
Incense Bamboo is named for a subtle sandalwood scent. Rubbing your fingers on the cane can increase the aroma. The canes tend to be fatter in relation to the height. It has tasty shoots and is able to withstand soggy soils.

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Koi’ R 30′ 2.00″ 0F 3-5
$25
$45
Similar to Ph. aurea, Koi is a hardy bamboo, growing quickly and in many conditions. It is distinguishable from P. aurea by a green sulcus, long internodes and occasional variegation in the foliage.

Phyllostachys aurea “Hedge Bamboo” “Golden” R 16′ 2.00″ 0F 3-5
$16
$75 $45
The most common bamboo in the landscaping industry, Golden Bamboo is named for the canes that turn yellow-gold when exposed to sunlight as they mature and light green foliage. It is a hardy species, drought resistant and able to take a variety of light conditions and temperatures as low as 0 degrees F. It is popular as a hedge because the foliage fills in throughout the plant, not just the upper portion. Gets between 10’ and 15’ tall here in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Bonsai Dwarf’ R 1′ 0.13″ 0F 3-5
$75
A perfect choice for bonsai aficionados, this one makes a great bonsai plant with thin canes, short nodes and wide leaves. The smallest phyllostachys bamboo, it grows only 8 to 9 inches tall. Also makes a good houseplant. A very cute plant!

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Flavescens-inversa’ R 30′ 2.00″ 0F 3-5
$25
$60
Another variation of Ph. aurea with similar behavior, Flavescens-inversa is the inverse of Koi. The sulcus is green, a pleasing contrast on mature golden canes.

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Holochrysa’ “True Gold” R 27′ 1.75″ 0F 4-5
$25 $20
$65
True to its name, the canes of True Gold turn a golden yellow with or without sun exposure. Another pleasing feature of all Ph. aurea cultivars is the tortoise shell like appearance from compressed internodes at the base of the canes.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Alata’ R 45′ 3.00″ -10F 3-5
$20
$35
Like the primary form, but the cane is solid green. Canes have the classic zigzag form.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata “Yellow Groove” R 45′ 3.00″ -10F 3-5
$25
$40
This genus is one of the hardier species of bamboo, often recommended for climates in the Midwest and Northeast US where it makes excellent screens and hedges. The canes form a classic zigzag pattern at the base. The canes initially appear bent, but will change direction a few times, then grow vertical. The grove as a whole has a very upright growth habit. The sulcus is yellow as the name implies, with rich green canes. To 30′ in the Northern California.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Harbin Inversa’ R 26′ 1.50″ -10F 3-5
$40   $30
$80    $70
This plant has classic zigzag cane form. Like a flower, the canes offer delicate colors; bright yellow with multiple thin vertical stripes. Sometimes there is a green ring at the node. Good for a hedge or specimen plant. To 25’ tall and 2″ diameter canes here in the Bay Area. A great sport of Ph. aureosulcata Alata, it will take full sun up to 80 degrees and is very cold tolerant.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Lama Temple’ R 26′ 1.25″ -10F 3-5
$30
$65
This variety is unique in color. Bright gold stems reflect the light nicely making dark areas of your garden brighter. A nice choice for the erect culms complimented by lovely green foliage. Cane diameter is about 2” and about 25’ tall.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Spectabilis’ R 26′ 1.25″ -10F 3-5
$30
$70    $65
Spectabilis has yellow canes with green sulcus stripes and occasionally zig zaggy at the lower portion of the cane. Canes will turn cranberry red when exposed to the sun. An excellent and popular choice for screen or hedge plant.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Castillon Inversa’ R 35′ 2.00″ 0F 3-5
$25 $20

$45

Same as ‘Castillon’, but green culms with a yellow sulcus.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Marliacea’ R 25′ 1.50″ 5F 3-5
$25
$75 $45
This is a fussy plant and not recommended for the casual gardener. It will take a few hours of sun to look good, but in full sun it will look shabby. Morning sun and afternoon shade are best for elegant foliage. The canes are unusual–shriveled and not round or square.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Slender Crookstem’ R 50′ 5.00″ 0F 3-5
$25
$40
Named for the tendency for canes to zigzag at the base of the plant. Grows to 50′ tall and to 5″ in diameter.

Phyllostachys bambusoides “Madake” R 72′ 6.00″ -5F 3-5
$20
$45
One of the timber bamboos, Madake is known for its construction-quality wood. The green canes will get to 50’ tall and 3″ in diameter in the Bay Area. Create your own bamboo forest! New cane growth on an established plant has been clocked at growing 47 inches a day–nearly two inches an hour!!

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Aureostriata’ R 35′ 2.50″ 0F 3-5
$50   $25
$150 $75
Similar to Ph. bambusoides holochyrsa but with creamy variegation on the leaves and occasional yellow-white stripes on the green canes. Often confused with Sinobambusa tootsik ‘Albovariegata’ and P. bambusoides ‘Richard Haubrich’, this species has half the variegation as ’Albovariegata’. It is also hardier than ’Richard Haubrich’ and more sun tolerant than ’Albovariegata’.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Castillon’ R 35′ 2.00″ 0F 3-5
$25
$45
A sport of Phyllostachys bambusoides, Castillon has variegated foliage with sparse, but bright creamy stripes. The shiny canes are orange-yellow with a soft green stripe in the sulcus. Gets to about 25’ here in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Holochrysa’ “All Gold” R 35′ 2.50″ 0F 3-5
$25
$35
New canes come up a translucent yellow, becoming golden with age. There is no striping on the canes, thus the designation All Gold. Foliage has occasional cream striping. Gets to 30’ tall with 2″ diameter canes.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Richard Haubrich’ R 35′ 2.00″ 5F 5
$75
$150
A unique species of bamboo with cream and apricot foliage occasionally striped with green giving it a frosted look. Heavily foliated, smaller plant. Makes an excellent show piece.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Subvariegata’ R 48′ 3.00″ 0F 4-5
$35
$60
Similar to P. bambusoides, except the foliage is light green with dark green stripes.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Tanakae’ R 72′ 6.00″ -15F 3-5
$75
$150
One of the biggest bamboos, similar to P. vivax or P. bambusoides. Known to get 8″ in diameter in its climate of origin. We are waiting to see how big it gets here.

Phyllostachys bissetii “Japanese Hedge Bamboo” R 23′ 1.00″ -15F 3-5
$15
$65   $45
This is a preferred choice for a fast growing, thick hedge that can be pruned to any height. Left unchecked it reaches 15-18’ here in the Bay Area. Green canes are about 1” in diameter and glossy, rich green leaves with wavy margins grow from head to toe, making a nice full hedge. Please see the gallery photo.

Phyllostachys decora R 24′ 1.25″ -10F 3-5
$25 $20
$35
Beautiful pink, purple and green striation on new sheaths, this bamboo is called Beautiful Bamboo in its native China. Gets to about 20’ here in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys densiflorum R 20′ 1.50″ 0F 3-5
$40   $20
$60   $45
Leaves have a hairy underneath and tend to fold inwards slightly. The branches grow so densely at each node, they look like small nests. A nice shrubby form of bamboo, great for containers or a low growing hedge.

Phyllostachys dulcis R 40′ 3.00″ -10F 3-5
$25
$45
Nicknamed “Sweetshoot” because the shoots are particularly tasty and free of bitterness. Arching, green canes are 2-3″ inches in diameter with occasional white stripes. To 40’ tall in the Bay Area, they are large in diameter relative to height. Canes will taper quickly and tend to arch and turn.

Phyllostachys flexuosa R 31′ 2.75″ -15F 4-5
$20
$45
Named for the tendency for canes to zigzag. Medium size lime-green leaves grow on darker green canes, which turn burgundy in direct sun. Very cold hardy and tolerant of windy and salty or alkaline soils. Gets to 16′ tall in the Bay Area where it is usually grown as a short arching hedge. Flowered in 1995.

Phyllostachys flexuosa ‘Kimmei Aureostriata’ R 31′ 2.75″ -15F 1-3
$40   $30
$100 $55
Same as P. flexuosa but with canes ranging in color from green to yellow to lime and nicely variegated gold and green foliage. Prefers half day sun for best coloration. Gets to about 12′ in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys glauca R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$15
$30
Named for the smooth, white powder or ”glaucous”, that gives the canes a handsome blue-green hue. Cane tops tend to arch, plants grow to 40′ locally and about 2.5″ in diameter. Very tolerant of poor soil conditions; both dry and alkaline. Great for fast growing hedges, screens and erosion control.

Phyllostachys heteroclada ‘Purpurata’ R 18′ 0.75″ 0F 3-5
$15
$40
This bamboo is a collectors item. The bamboo connoisseur will appreciate the tendency of the canes to zig-zag between nodes and the semi-swollen nodes. Foliage is light green. Also sometimes called Water Bamboo because the rhizomes have air pockets and it will grow well in wet soils where other bamboos cannot survive.

Phyllostachys heteroclada ‘Solid Stem’ R 20′ 1.00″ -20F 3-5
$15
$40
Similar to P. nidularia, this plant has a tendency to show the zig-zag effect. Most bamboo has hollow internodes. (“Internode” is the section of cane between the nodes or growth points.) On this plant, the lower internodes of the cane are solid, thus its name.

Phyllostachys heteroclada ‘Straight Stem’ “Water Bamboo” R 33′ 1.50″ -5F 3-5
$15
$30
The rhizomes or root structures of this plant have air channels that allow the plant to grow in wet areas, hence the name. This plant is very similar to Ph. heteroclada ‘Solid Stem’.

Phyllostachys heterocycla ‘Pubescens’ “Moso” R 80′ 6.00″ 0F 3-5
$30
$50   $45
Moso is a particularly special plant. It has recently been reclassified and renamed Phyllostachys edulis, but it is still known by the common Japanese name “Moso”. Moso is an important species in China, covering more than 7 million acres, it gets 7″ in diameter and grows a rate of 46″ per day. It uses are innumerable; timber, pulpwood, craftwork and harvested for edible shoots more than any other species. Moso is slower than some other timber bamboos to produce full size canes but will produce some of the largest canes.

Phyllostachys heterocycla ‘Pubescens Inadome’ R 80′ 8.00″ 0F 3-5
$30
$60
This bamboo is one of the best for areas similar to north east of Sacramento, where temperatures drop down to the teens in winter and up to 100 degrees or more in summer. It grows from 4 to 6.5 inches in diameter and from 35 to 50 feet tall. Its hairy culms spread well and the purple shoots are great for eating. Culms have many uses by craftsmen.

Phyllostachys humilis R 20′ 1.00″ 0F 3-5
$15
$35
Distinctive because of the short internodes, 4-6″. The first few internodes of each cane are hollow. Canes and leaves are olive green with vertical, fast growth to 20′.

Phyllostachys incarnata R 40′ 3.00″ -10F 4-5
$40 $30
$75 $45
Incarnata bamboo grows to a nice height of 25′ tall with culms 2″ to 3″ in diameter. The new shoots are tinted red-brown with medium size culms for many uses. It makes a great hedge or a strong wind break. Multiplies rapidly. Edible with good flavor.

Phyllostachys iridescens R 36′ 2.75″ 0F 4-5
$30
$40
To 36′ tall and nearly 3″ in diameter. Deep green foliage and canes. A good wind break or screen with tasty shoots. Sheaths have a rusty reddish coloration.

Phyllostachys makinoi R 60′ 3.00″ 0F 3-5
$20
$40
Similar to P. glauca with powder blue canes. Very upright growth. Good for fishing poles, crafts, paper, erosion control, and edible shoots. Widely cultivated in Taiwan.

Phyllostachys meyeri R 33′ 2.00″ 0F 4-5
$25 $15
$30
Phyllostachys meyeri is a bamboo that tolerates both a wet base and drought conditions. It is a good choice for making furniture, erosion control or a visual screen. Grown in Costa Rica for crafting furniture.

Phyllostachys nidularia R 33′ 1.50″ 0F 4-5
$35
$45
This bamboo is one of Jesus’ personal favorites because the unusual shape. This particular bamboo grows up to 25′ tall with 2″ diameter solid culms that are swollen and asymmetrical from node to node. The culms and leaves are blue mixed with green hues. Medium to large leaves, great shape, good for screening and hedges.

Phyllostachys nidularia A-2 R 15′ 0.75″ 0F 2-4
$20
$40
A shorter species of Phyllostachys, it only gets to about 15’ tall here in the Bay area. The leaves are also smaller, wide and blue-green on narrow, rich green canes.

Phyllostachys nigra “Black Bamboo” R 30′ 2.25″ 0F 3-5
$25
$50
A huge favorite, the Black Bamboo is desired for the striking contrast between canes and foliage. The canes come up dark green and turn to a frosted black with maturity. The canes will hold their color when dried making it an excellent choice for furniture and other craftwork. Highly prized as an ornamental.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Daikokuchiku’ “Giant Black” R 50′ 3.35″ 0F 3-5
$30 $25
$65
If Black is not enough, there is Giant Black! Say die-koe-coo-chee-coo. This beauty is very similar to regular black, grows to 4″ in diameter and 47’ tall.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Hale’ R 30′ 2.75″ -5F 3-5
$25
  $65
A lovely Black Bamboo. The canes on this species show their color sooner, canes as young as 3 months turning. Keeps it’s solid charcoal color, contrasted with the lush green foliage.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon’ R 65′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$20
$45
Henon is an all green from of Black Bamboo. It is a large species, getting to 35’ in the Bay Area. It is also a tolerant species, growing well in a variety of conditions, including drought once established.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Othello’ R 20′ 1.00″ 0F 3-5
$50
$100
Ph. nigra Othello, named after the moorish Shakespearean character is a rare form of the Black Bamboos. This runner travels very slowly, behaving more like a clumper and has those trademark handsome dark canes. To 20’ tall in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Tosaensis’ R 30′ 1.50″ 0F 3-5
$20
$45
In the black bamboo family, the Tosaensis has fewer spots, one or two elongated dark spots per internode. A fast grower, to 30′ tall and 1.5 inches in diameter. Excellent screen, hedge or erosion control.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Bory’ “Leopard Bamboo” R 50′ 3.00″ -5F 3-5
$20
$40
In the Black Bamboo family, Leopard Bamboo has wild, black/brown, leopard-like spots on the canes–every cane with a unique pattern. Because of large canes and the handsome patterns that remain on cured canes, this bamboo is prized by furniture andinstrument crafts people.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon Dwarf’ R 2′ 0.25″ -5F 3-5
$45   $35
$65
Collected by our friend Hastings Schmidt and grown from seed about 16 years ago, it has not exceeded 4.5′ tall. Not the shortest of the Phyllostachys, but close. Minimal spreading with ¼” diameter canes. The culms and leaves are olive green. A good isolated plant or low hedge.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Megurochiku’ R 54′ 3.50″ -5F 3-5
$20
$45
Similar to Henon, but with a dark stripe in the sulcus. Cold hardy and drought resistant.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Shimadake’ R 30′ 2.75″ -5F 4-5
$25
$45
Like Ph. nigra ’Henon’, but with occasional dark stripes.

Phyllostachys nuda R 34′ 1.75″ -20F 3-5
$20
$35
A very cold hardy species, Ph. nuda has very attractive new canes with purple-brown tones. Good, thick craft wood and edible shoots. To 34′ tall in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys platyglossa R 26′ 1.50″ 0F 4-5
$25
$60
Grown in China for the shoots. New shoots are red, age to rich green. Lower nodes are bare, leaving beautiful canes exposed. This is a particularly fast growing species, containment is advised. To 26’ tall in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys rubromarginata R 55′ 3.50″ -15F 3-5
$20
$50
Named for the red margins on its sheath, the bamboo is very useful. The shoots are tasty, the canes are high quality for paper and wood products. P. rubromarginata is also an exceptionally cold tolerant species.

Phyllostachys violascens R 50′ 3.00″ 0F 3-5
$20
$40
An usual plant with vertical stripes on the canes that vary in color from green to deep shades of purple. Colors vary from cane to cane and become more distinct with age. Grows about 30′ with 2″ diameter canes in the Bay Area.

Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens R 35′ 2.00″ -10F 3-5
$15
$45
An excellent quality wood often used by craftspersons. Shoots are excellent eating quality. Canes are lime-green with soft powdery coating and a distinctive white ring at the node. To about 35′ in the Bay Area, 2″ diameter canes.

Phyllostachys viridis ‘Houzeau’ R 45′ 3.00″ -5F 3-5
$20
$45
Similar to Ph. viridish Robert Young, but the reverse coloring; Houzeau has green canes with a yellow stripe in the sulcus.

Phyllostachys viridis ‘Robert Young’ R 40′ 3.00″ -5F 3-5
$15
$45
Accent cane colors usually appear in the sulcus. Robert Young is one of the few that have the accent color outside the sulcus. The canes come up green and will fade to a rich yellow, exposing the dark green striping. Also and excellent eating bamboo and wood source.

Phyllostachys vivax R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$25
$45
A green form of Tonkin bamboo, Ph. vivax will grow to become a majestic mountain forest. Used for centuries as a sustainable timber bamboo because it replenishes itself so well. It is favored for its shoots and the canes are often used for scaffolding and other large projects. A prime choice to reduce your carbon footprint! A running bamboo, to 70’ tall in the climate of origin. Can have canes up to 5″ in diameter.

Phyllostachys vivax ‘Aureocaulis’ R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$35  $25
$65
A magnificent timber variety that grows up to 45′ in the SF Bay Area with a very attractive color; light orangey yellow with occasional vertical green stripes on the cane and dark green leaves. Distinctive from other yellow bamboos. A great accent plant in an isolated clump or a giant hedge or screen. A very impressive plant for your garden.

Phyllostachys vivax ‘Black Spot’ R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5 $250
P. vivax with splatterings of dark coloration, creating uniquely patterned culms.

Phyllostachys vivax ‘Huangwenzhu’ R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$45 $30
$100 $65
Except for the yellow sulcus stripe, this plant is identical to P. vivax.

Phyllostachys vivax inversa ‘Huangwenzhu Inversa’ R 70′ 5.00″ -5F 3-5
$45   $30
$90   $60
The plant is similar to Ph. vivax Aureocaulis, yellow canes with thin green stripes, but it has a green stripe on the sulcus. The leaves are very dark green and show well against the buttery canes. It makes and excellent large hedge or individual accent plant.